Total liabilities refers to the total amount of debts and obligations that a company owns. Total liabilities are reported on the company balance sheet and can be categorised as: short-term loans, bonds payable, accounts payable, mortgage payable, capital leases Interest payable, bills payable, income taxes payable etc.
Liabilities are obligation between the company and another party that has not yet been completed or paid for.
Total liabilities are balance sheet entries and are calculated as sum of all the liabilities on the balance sheet. Liabilities are usually categorised in two groups:
Total liabilities can be calculated as sum of the current and not current liabilities:
Total liabilities = Current liabilities + Non-current liabilities
Or they can be calculated as the difference between the total assets an the shareholders equity:
Total Liabilities = Total Assets - Shareholders Equity
Liabilities are important part of company structure are used to finance operation and invest in growth. They also make the business transactions more robust allowing for payments to be done on a more flexible schedule.