Earnings per share (EPS)

Alternative names: eps

What is EPS

Earnings per share (EPS) is the total amount of earnings attributed to each individual share for over a period of one year. It’s a way of measuring the profits made by the company for each share outstanding.

How to calculate EPS (formula)

The formula for calculating EPS is using the net income of the company and subtract the preferred dividend paid:

Earnings per Share (EPS) = (Net Income − Preferred Dividends) / Shares Outstanding

Since dividends payable to preferred shareholders are not available to common shareholders they are deducted from the calculation of EPS.

Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS

EPS can be two different types: Basic EPS and Diluted EPS. The main difference is that diluted EPS account for diluting securities while the basic EPS don’t. Diluted securities are any financial instrument that can be converted or can increase the number of common shares outstanding for the company. Diluted EPS is important because it accounts for convertible securities like: convertible bonds, proffered shares, stock options etc.

Stocks with high PE ratios

Name Price to earnings (P/E) Marketcap Industry
GCI Gannett Co Inc 99 $580.5M Publishing
JAQC Jupiter Acquisition Corp 96.6 $196.07M Shell Companies
PESI Perma Fix Environmental Services Inc 95 $75.56M Waste Management
NEE Nextera Energy Inc 94.76 $137.75B Utilities - Regulated Electric
ALB Albemarle Corp 94.3 $26.5B Specialty Chemicals
PFGC Performance Food Group Co 94.13 $6.86B Food Distribution
HXL Hexcel Corp 93.09 $4.46B Aerospace & Defense

Why is EPS important

Earnings growth and future earnings potential are one of the most important factors for investors. A lot of investors use EPS and EPS growth as a proxy of estimating how well a company is doing. A company that is able to grow its EPS year over year is considerate as good investment that is commonly reflected in the rise in the share price.

Related terms